APilot Training Academy based in India is in partnership with Accelerated Flight Training (AFT) Center, based in Chinos, California, USA. APilot/AFT  Professional Pilot course is a flexible course that takes a student from Zero experience to the Multi-Engine Commercial Pilot level. The focus of this course is for the student to receive a strong foundation in an organized structured program. The program is based around airline style training having the student conduct all their training in advanced glass cockpit aircraft and simulators.


APilot is a group of highly trained aviation people. APilot is backed up by many more Airlines & Airline Pilot to become a respectable training academy. Which has operated continuously since 2012. APilot is an exclusive marketing partner for AFT Center for several countries including India and Nepal.


The Accelerated Flight Training (AFT) Center, as a premier flight school, is responding to the challenge of producing world–class, professional pilots. The AFT curriculum aptly meets global standards: those required by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Director General Of civil Aviation (DGCA) and the Civil Aviation Authority Of Nepal (CAAN) .


Chinos is a city located in California 40 Miles away from  Los Angeles. The BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir is a Hindu temple located in the City of Chino Hills. California’s all time good weather makes it suitable for flight training.

Chino Airport (IATA: CNO, ICAO: KCNO, FAA LID: CNO) is a county-owned airport about three miles southeast of Chino, in San Bernardino County, California. Chino Airport covers 1,097 acres (444 ha) and has three asphalt runways: 3/21 4,919 x 150 ft (1,499 x 46 m), 8L/26R 4,858 x 150 ft (1,481 x 46 m) and 8R/26L 7,000 x 150 ft (2,134 x 46 m)

Chinos Airport is a Class A Airspace uniquely embedded with a Class B, D and E airspace that suitable for flight training both for Visual and Instrument flight rules. Take a cross country flight to places like Las vegas, San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego etc makes it more exciting for students.


AFT Center operates only the aircraft and latest simulator with the most advanced way of ground & Flight training. AFT Center has aircraft like:

Simulator like Redbird FMX Full Motion Simulator (flight simulator that is certified as a Level 3 flight training device by the FAA) and Ground lesson all using World’s best Jeppesen books and videos.


The stunning residences, breathtakingly sculpted grounds, and top-tier amenities ensure you will feel relaxed each time you step foot into your new home. Located in the award-winning Chino Valley and 1.6 Miles and 4 Mins away from AFT Center , Homecoming at The Preserve residents can enjoy the area’s phenomenal dining, retail, and nightlife attractions, while knowing their own personal retreat is waiting for them at home.

Homecoming at The Preserve

Familiarize yourself with a new definition of elegance at Homecoming at The Preserve, Chino’s brand-new apartment community nestled in the heart of the carefully planned, gated expanse of The Preserve at Chino. Each resident at Homecoming at The Preserve enjoys a stunning resort-style experience, with access to our 16,000 square-foot clubhouse, state-of-the-art solar heated swimming pools, a 24-hour fitness center, and even a movie theatre. Equipped with AC, cable TV, internet, etc. Facilities has swimming pool.


  • Private Pilot License (PPL)
  • Instrument Rating (IR)
  • Commercial Pilot License (CPL)
  • Multi-Engine Rating (MER)


The private pilot certificate is the certificate held by the majority of active pilots. It allows command of any aircraft (subject to appropriate ratings) for any non-commercial purpose, and gives almost unlimited authority to fly under visual flight rules (VFR). Passengers may be carried and flight in furtherance of a business is permitted; however, a private pilot may not be compensated in any way for services as a pilot, although passengers can pay a pro rata share of flight expenses, such as fuel or rental costs.

The requirements to obtain a private pilot certificate for “airplane, single-engine, land”, or ASEL, (which is the most common certificate) are:

  • Be at least 17 years old (16 years old for glider or balloon rating) [16]
  • Be able to read, speak, write and understand the English language
  • Obtain at least a third class medical certificate from an Aviation Medical Examiner (except for glider or balloon)
  • Pass a computerized aeronautical knowledge test
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience, including the following:
    • If training under Part 61, Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) section 61.109, requires at least 40 hours of flight time, including 20 hours of flight with an instructor and 10 hours of solo flight (i.e., by yourself), and other requirements including cross-country flight, which include
      • Solo requirements:
        1. 5 hours of solo cross-country time
        2. One solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nmi (280 km) total distance, with full-stop landings at a minimum of three points and with one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of at least 50 nmi (93 km) between the takeoff and landing locations
        3. Three solo takeoffs and landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.
      • Night requirements:
        1. 3 hours of night flight training
        2. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport
        3. 1 cross country flight of 100 nm total distance at night
      • 3 hours of flight training on the control and maneuvering solely by reference to instruments
      • 3 hours of flight training for cross country flights
      • 3 hours of flight training with an authorized instructor in preparation for the practical test, which must have been performed within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test
    • If training under Part 141, at least 35 hours of piloting time including 20 hours with an instructor and 5 hours of solo flight, and other requirements including cross-country and night flights
  • Pass an oral test and flight test administered by an FAA inspector, FAA-designated examiner, or authorized check instructor





Instrument rating qualifies a pilot to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR). It requires specific training beyond what is required for a private pilot certificate or commercial pilot certificate.

Training and testing

Instrument rating refers to the qualifications that a pilot must have in order to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR). It requires additional training and instruction beyond what is required for a private pilot certificate or commercial pilot certificate, including rules and procedures specific to instrument flying, additional instruction in meteorology, and more intensive training in flight solely by reference to instruments.[1] Testing consists of a written exam and a practical test (known more commonly as the check ride). The check ride is divided into an oral component to verify that the applicant understands the theory of instrument flying and an actual flight to ensure the pilot possesses the practical skills required for safe IFR flight.

For most private pilots, the most significant value of flying under IFR is the ability to fly in instrument meteorological conditions (such as inside clouds). Additionally, all flights operating in Class A airspace, defined in the US as the airspace from 18,000 MSL up to FL 600 (roughly 60,000 feet), must be conducted under IFR. In the United States, an instrument rating is required when operating under special visual flight rules (SVFR) at night.

Requirements for Instrument Rating in the United States are listed in section 61.65 of the Federal Aviation Regulation[2] are:

  • 50 hours of Pilot in Command cross country
  • 40 hours of simulated or actual instrument time
  • 15 hours of flight instruction towards instrument rating


A commercial pilot may be compensated for flying. Training for the certificate focuses on a better understanding of aircraft systems and a higher standard of airmanship.[17] The commercial certificate itself does not allow a pilot to fly in instrument meteorological conditions. For aircraft categories where an instrument rating is available, commercial pilots without an instrument rating are restricted to daytime flight within 50 nautical miles (93 km) when carrying passengers for hire.[18]

A commercial airplane pilot must be able to operate a complex airplane, as a specific number of hours of complex (or turbine-powered) aircraft time are among the prerequisites.

The requirements are:

  • Be at least 18 years of age
  • Hold a private pilot certificate
  • Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience; the following are part of the airplane single-engine land class rating requirements:
    • If training under Part 61, at least 250 hours of piloting time including 20 hours of training with an instructor and 10 hours of solo flight, and other requirements including several “cross-country” flights, i.e., more than 50 nautical miles (93 km)(25 NM for helicopter rate) from the departure airport (which include Day VFR and Night VFR 100 nmi (190 km) between beginning point and destination, with a time of at least two hours; also one cross country of at least 250 nmi (460 km) to the destination, a 300 nmi (560 km) total distance, with landings at three airports) and both solo and instructor-accompanied night flights
    • If training under Part 141, at least 150 hours of training time including 55 hours with an instructor and 10 hours of solo flight, and other requirements including several cross-country, solo, and night flights
  • Pass a 100-question aeronautical knowledge written test
  • Pass an oral test and flight test administered by an FAA inspector, FAA-designated examiner, or authorized check instructor

By itself, this certificate does not permit the pilot to set up an operation that carries members of the public for hire; such operations are governed by other regulations. Otherwise, a commercial pilot can be paid for certain types of operation, such as banner towing, agricultural applications, and photography, and can be paid for instructing if she or he holds a flight instructor certificate (In the case of lighter-than-air, only a commercial pilot certificate is required to teach for that category). To fly for hire, the pilot must hold a second class medical certificate, which is valid for 12 months.

Often, the commercial certificate reduces the pilot’s insurance premiums, as it is evidence of training to a higher safety standard.


  • A flight instructor certificate authorizes the holder to give training and endorsement for a certificate, and perform a flight review.
  • A Ground Instructor Certificate authorizes the holder to give ground instruction, give knowledge exam endorsements, and provide the ground training portion of a flight review.[21]
  • An instrument rating is required to fly under instrument flight rules. Instrument ratings are issued for a specific category of aircraft; a pilot certificated to fly an airplane under IFR has an Instrument Airplane rating.
  • An instrument instructor rating authorizes a certificated flight instructor to give training and endorsement for an instrument rating pilot.
  • A multi-engine rating is required to fly an airplane with more than one engine. It is the most common example of a class rating.
  • A multi-engine instructor rating authorizes a certificated flight instructor to give training and endorsement for a multi-engine rating.

United States military pilots are issued an Aviator Badge upon completion of flight training and issuance of a pilot’s certificate. Badges for crew or ground positions are also issued to qualified applicants.

Unmanned Aircraft System (Drone) pilots are required to obtain a remote pilot airman certificate with a small UAS rating when operating commercially.


The pilot in command (PIC) of an aircraft is the person aboard the aircraft who is ultimately responsible for its operation and safety during flight. This would be the captain in a typical two- or three-pilot aircrew, or “pilot” if there is only one certificated and qualified pilot at the controls of an aircraft. The PIC must be legally certificated (or otherwise authorized) to operate the aircraft for the specific flight and flight conditions, but need not be actually manipulating the controls at any given moment. The PIC is the person legally in charge of the aircraft and its flight safety and operation, and would normally be the primary person liable for an infraction of any flight rule.


Dual flight time. It means flight time during which a person is receiving flight instruction from an appropriately licensed and rated pilot on board a dual control aircraft.




Cessna 152 is an American two-seat, fixed tricycle gear, general aviation airplane, used primarily for flight training and personal use.


The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four-seat, single-engine, and high-wing fixed-wing aircraft. First flown in 1955 and still in production, more Cessna 172s have been built than any other aircraft.


The Piper PA-34 Seneca is an American twin-engined light aircraft, produced by Piper Aircraft. It is six seater aircraft ideal for initial training for Multi engine flying. Piper PA-34 Seneca common aircraft used in flying school in India and world wide.


The Redbird FMX is a full motion, feature-rich Advanced Aviation Training Device. It is ideal for any flight school, providing enhanced training from student pilot to professional crew. For advanced training, the FMX provides a platform where crew training can be perfected. (FAA certified as level 3 flight training device).


Most of the national banks and private banks accept Pilot training for Educational loans. Banks will look for a collateral against the loan. Usually either 85% of Total course fees or 65% of the property value is the loan amount sanctioned. Especially for flying training in USA bank grants loan easily.


Our education is SECOND TO NONE. Many of our classes are taught by current and retired airline pilots. Most of our Flight Instructors are certified by the FAA.  We teach flight training the way it was originally designed to be taught. When you graduate from our classes you will have a thorough knowledge of the material. All Ground lesson are using world’s best Jeppesen books and videos.

We don’t just teach you the questions–we teach what you need to know.  We will not only teach you–we teach you right! Our classes EXCEED the FAA Ground School Requirements and prepare you for the FAA written exam.


The captain is the most experienced pilot and supervises crew members. He is responsible for the aircraft and all passengers. The first officer is also called the copilot or second in command. He sits on the right of the pilot. The first officer is qualified to operate the aircraft in all stages of flight, including takeoffs and landings. The flight engineer assists the pilots by monitoring and operating the instruments and systems, making minor in-flight repairs and watching for other aircraft.


A Multi-Engine Land (MEL) rating allows a pilot to operate as pilot-in-command of an aircraft with more than one engine.

Multi-Engine rated pilots will experience the remarkable improvement in aircraft performance capability along with an increase in speed, power, and rate of climb. Managing the complexity and workload of a multi-engine aircraft is both exhilarating and rewarding.


The multi-engine land rating is an “add-on” to an existing single-engine land private, commercial, or ATP certificate. For this rating, both VFR and IFR operations will be emphasized. There are no minimum time requirements for the multi-engine land rating; however you will need an instructor endorsement for flight and ground training prior to taking the checkride. There is no written exam, only an oral exam and practical checkride are required.

While a multi-engine rating can be added to a private pilot certificate, in most cases it makes more sense to wait until a pilot has a commercial pilot certificate and instrument rating as this will save the pilot a substantial amount of money in the long run.

What are the prerequisites?

  • Pilot must have a current FAA medical
  • Pilot must provide proof of citizenship (Passport or Birth Certificate) or TSA approval
  • Pilot must already be a single engine private pilot
  • Pilot should be current (Not required, however additional hours may be required if the pilot is not current)


An airline transport pilot (commonly called an “ATP“) is tested to the highest level of piloting ability. The certificate is a prerequisite for acting as a flight crew-member in scheduled airline operations.

The minimum pilot experience is 1,500 hours of flight time (1200 for Helicopters), 500 hours of cross-country flight time, 100 hours of night flight time, and 75 hours instrument operations time (simulated or actual). Other requirements include being 23 years of age, an instrument rating, being able to read, write, speak, and understand the English language, a rigorous written examination, and being of good moral character

An Airline Transport Pilot – restricted (ATP-r) is also available for pilots that do not meet the more rigorous requirements of an ATP. The only hour requirement for the ATP-r is 1,500 total and 200 cross country. The “total time” requirement is reduced to 750 hours for former military pilots, 1,000 hours for graduates of university bachelor’s degree programs, or 1,250 for graduates of university associate degree programs. The holder of an ATP-r is limited to only serving as the First Officer in a two pilot operation. Upon obtaining the requisite age and aeronautical experience, the pilot is issued an unrestricted ATP without further examination. see 14CFR61.160 (requirements) and 14CFR61.167(privileges and limitations)

It is possible to mix the license levels on one certificate. For example, a private pilot with both glider and airplane ratings could earn a commercial license for gliders. The new license would then list the airplane ratings as having only “private privileges.”


All certificated pilots, with the exception of those with a sport or Recreational pilot certificate (or when in command of balloons or gliders, including power assisted gliders), are required to maintain a medical certification commensurate with the privileges they intend to exercise as pilot-in-command of an aircraft.

For sport pilot certificate applicants or holders, regulations state that a medical is required if the applicant/pilot does not hold a valid United States driver’s license.

To obtain a medical certification, pilots are required to undergo a medical examination from an Aviation Medical Examiner, or AME. The Aviation Medical Examiner performs an examination based upon the class of certification desired.

Medical certifications are divided into three classes:


Class 1 Initial medical is done when a person with a valid Class-II medical applies for the first time for a Class I Medical (a requirement for commercial license). DGCA has empaneled 20 Air Force Medical Centres, 02 Civil Medical Centres and Class I Medical Examiners for conduct of Class I Medical License Examination. You need to seek an appointment .

IAF Centres. After ascertaining type of medical, kindly seek appointment well in advance keeping in view the time required for grant of appointments and PMR forwarding form DGCA.


Civil Centres & Class I Examiners. For Civil Hospitals (initial Medical) and Class I Examiners (renewal medicals), kindly contact the centres/ examiners directly at the addresses given below. PMR forwarding is not required for Class I initial medicals conducted at Nanavati Hospital, Apollo Hospital. Class 1 medical is more complex compared to class 2 medical.

The following medical tests are conducted for a Class 1 medical certificate:

  •  Family health history
  •  Hearing test
  •  Eye sight test
  •  Blood and urine test
  •  Blood pressure and ECG test
  •  Organ test
  •  Limb test
  •  Nervous system test


If you fail the Class 1 & 2 it can be re-apply again depending upon for the cause of the failure (Minor & major problem).


Class 1&2 can be apply before starting of the flight training.


Pilots who do not meet the said requirements may be issued a medical certificate under a “special issuance.” A special issuance is essentially a waiver for a disqualifying condition and are evaluated case-by-case depending on the class of certificate requested. Minor problems can be overcome by a special issuance from an Aviation Medical Examiner, while others require a special issuance from the FAA directly.


It is important for Student Pilots, Private Pilots, Glider Pilots, and Balloon Pilots etc. to undergo regular medical examination to maintain their medical fitness for flying duties.


Class 2 medical is taken with DGCA (INDIA) Accredited doctors, usually class 2 medical is easier to take and the test are less complex. Appointment usually takes only 1 to 2 days after the test taken the result is sent to DGCA and there after DGCA will issue the assessment within 2 weeks. Class 2 medical includes the following test:

  •  Radiology
  •  Mammography and UGC lower abdomen
  •  Pure tone audiogram
  •  Blood
  •  Urine
  •  ECG
  •  ENT and eye



Third class certifications require the least involved examinations of all medical certifications. They are required for those intending to be pilot-in-command of an aircraft under the Private or Recreational pilot certificates or while exercising solo privileges as a student pilot. To qualify for a third class medical certificate, pilots must meet the following requirements:

  • Distant vision: 20/40 or better in each eye separately,[23] with or without correction
  • Near vision: 20/40 or better in each eye separately, with or without correction, as measured at a distance of 16 inches (410 mm)
  • Color vision: Demonstrate the ability to perceive the colors necessary for the safe performance of airman duties
  • Hearing: Demonstrate the ability to hear an average conversational voice in a quiet room, using both ears, at a distance of six feet, with their back turned to the examiner, or pass an approved audiometric test
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat: Exhibit no ear disease or condition manifested by, or that may reasonably be expected to be manifested by, vertigo or a disturbance of speech or equilibrium
  • Blood Pressure: Under 155/95
  • Mental Status: No diagnosis of psychosis, bipolar disorder, or severe personality disorders
  • Substance Dependence: No dependence on alcohol or any pharmacological substance in the previous two years

For pilots under 40 years of age, third class medical certificates expire on the last day of the month they were issued, five years from the date of issue. The FAA changed this rule from three to five years on July 24, 2008. For all others, they expire on the last day of the month they were issued, two years from the date of issue.

In December 2015, the U.S. Senate passed a bill sponsored by Montana Senator Steve Daines, S. 571- Pilot’s Bill of Rights 2 (PBOR 2). If signed into law, the bill would expand the third class medical exemption for recreational pilots by reforming the FAA’s medical certification process to include more qualified, trained pilots.


Restrictions may be placed upon a medical certificate to mitigate any concern for safety. A common restriction for pilots who require glasses or contacts to meet the required visual acuity standards is that they “MUST WEAR CORRECTIVE LENSES.” Color-blind pilots are typically issued a restriction reading, “NOT VALID FOR NIGHT FLIGHT OR BY COLOR SIGNAL CONTROL.” This mitigates the concern that color-blind pilots may not be able to identify those colors required for the performance of safe airman duties by preventing situations that are considered potentially unsafe.

For color vision deficiency pilots, in many cases these restrictions can be removed through use of an FAA approved alternative office based color vision test, which if passed, the applicant must continue to retake that same test (or any other passable tests) at every renewal. If the pilot applicant is unable to pass any of the office based tests, a real world operational test is available. This test consists of a ground-based chart reading and control tower signal light

test for Third Class medical certification (This is called the Operational Color Vision Test or OCVT), and in addition to that, a specialized “Medical Flight Test” (MFT) is required for Second and First Class medical certification. The applicant performs an actual flight test with an FAA Aviation Safety Inspector (ASI) for the purpose of further demonstrating “the ability to perceive those colors necessary for the safe performance of airman duties”, which is the color vision requirement as written in the FARs. Note that “Normal Color Vision” is not required, as a certain amount of color vision deficiency is considered safe and permitted. If the tests are passed, a “Letter of Evidence” (LOE) from the FAA is issued, which serves as evidence that the pilot meets the standards for Color Vision and the AME is permitted to issue the class of Medical Certificate indicated on the LOE (All classes if both the OCVT and MFT are passed) with no related restriction if all other medical requirements are met. This allows the pilot to receive a medical certificate with no restrictions related to color vision without the requirement of passing an office based color vision test at every subsequent renewal



Jeppesen is an American company that specializes in navigational information, planes, operations management and flight training products and services. It is a Pilot Training Kits that are developed for both FAR Part 61 and FAR Part 141 training programs, these courses are the most complete aviation training packages available.


Developed for the FAR Part 61 training program, the Private Pilot Part 61 Kit is created from the best of Jeppesen’s training tools, assisting the student pilot with all of their training needs. The kit is full of the training essentials to further assist with the preparing the student pilot for the Private Pilot written, oral and practical tests


  •  Minimum age 17 years and above
  •  12 STD(PCM) Pass
  •  Medically Fit
  •  Able to Read and Write in English very well



The first solo flight of a new pilot comprises that pilot completing a take off, and usually a short flight and safe landing, by him or herself. Flying such a flight is a milestone known as soloing.


Airline pilots wear stripes on their sleeves or on the epaulets on their shoulders. The stripes are an indication of the pilot’s level of flight experience and his responsibilities in an aircraft. While airline pilots wear stripes, military pilots in the Navy and Air Force wear different insignia to indicate their level of expertise.



No. Take a person for instance If he or she  have -1.75 and -2.00 diopter corrective lenses on the left and right eye respectively and he or she is cleared to “exercise the privileges of his or her  license” wearing his or her glasses.

How many exams do I have to write in USA?

In total you need to give 3 FAA written (Laser Grade Exam) and 4 check rides for your Private, Instrument, commercial and multi engine license.

What are the timings for flying lesson?

It depends on your schedule but the flying timings are 8:30 am to 4:00 pm except your night flying and your ground class is from 4:00 pm to 6:00 pm from Monday to Friday.

Are there any day – offs?

You have a day off on Sunday and any other festivals or holidays as per the USA calendar. However, school is open all 7 days a week so if you want to fly on any day including Sunday, you can schedule a flight.


One Stripe epaulets are usually worn by pilots-in-training. In some cases, flight attendants are also spotted wearing this insignia.

Two Stripes are worn by flight engineers or second officers. Aside from being the third line of command, they are also qualified to fly planes.

Three Stripes indicate that the person is the co-pilot or second in command. They assist the captain through flight planning and updating communication and flight mechanisms.

Four Stripes insignia is worn by the captain; the one ultimately in charge of the safety and operations of the flight.

Airline companies have the freedom to choose any design or color scheme they might fancy for their uniforms. Interestingly, the next person who will be wearing these stripes could be you!


Most pilots in the U.S. undergo flight training as private individuals with a flight instructor, who may be employed by a flight school. Those who have decided on aviation as a career often begin with an undergraduate aviation-based education. Some pilots are trained in the military and are issued with civilian certificates based on their military record. Others are trained directly by airlines. The pilot may choose to be trained under Part 61 or Part 141 of the FARs. Part 141 requires that a certificated flight school provide an approved, structured course of training, which includes a specified number of hours of ground training (for example, 35 hours for Private Pilot in an airplane). Part 61 sets out a list of knowledge and experience requirements, and is more suitable for students who cannot commit to a structured plan, or for training from freelance instructors. Under Part 61 pilot training, individuals can become a private pilot in about three months and a commercial pilot in as quick as seven months.


Most pilot certificates and ratings require the applicant to pass a knowledge test, also called the written test. The knowledge test results are valid for a period of 2 years, and are usually a prerequisite for practical tests. Resources available to prepare for the knowledge test may be obtained from pilot supply stores or vendors. The exceptions where a knowledge exam is not required for a practical test are for some add-on ratings after the initial license, such as a powered aircraft pilot adding another category rating at the same license level.[7]

To take knowledge tests for all pilot certificates and ratings, the applicant must have a sign-off from a ground or flight instructor. These are usually given by an instructor who has taught a ground school course, provided ground instruction or reviewed the applicant’s self-study preparations. Certain circumstances don’t require sign-offs for some flight instructor or airline transport pilot knowledge tests.


All pilots certificates and ratings require a practical test, usually called a check ride. For each practical test, the FAA publishes a Practical Test Standards document that they expect the applicant to study, the flight instructor to teach and evaluate against, and the examiner to use to conduct the exam. A practical test is administered by an FAA Inspector or an FAA Designated Pilot Examiner. The check-ride is divided into two parts: the oral exam followed by a flight test in the aircraft. Upon successful completion of the practical test, the examiner issues a temporary airman certificate with the new license or rating. To take practical tests for all pilot certificates and ratings (except airline transport pilot), the applicant must have proper logbook endorsements from their flight instructor.